Looking back, the impressive Down Cathedral, restored between 1790 and 1818, dominates the skyline.
John de Courcy founded a Benedictine monastery on this site and it underwent a number of changes during the medieval period.
The Cathedral was burnt in 1538 and remained roofless for several centuries before its restoration. The tall western tower was added in 1829. Just to the left side of the entrance to the Cathedral, near the ground, you can see a medieval carving built into the wall.
As you walk down the other side of the Cathedral, you can see some foundations protruding from the church wall. This could be the outline of a transept, suggesting that the church at one stage, probably in the 12th century, took the shape of a cross.
On the left hand side of the Mall you can look down into the fields below. They are at a lower level because the Mall was built up in the 1790s when the Cathedral was restored and the Gaol constructed. This area was probably once occupied by medieval crafts and industries, outside the boundary ditch of the monastery, partly to avoid fires spreading.
Looking down to the left, the second field was the location of a medieval pottery kiln, one of only two known in Ulster. Pottery from this kiln, dating to the 13th century, is on display in the Museum.